I grew up with Star Trek and dreamed of a personal communicator, it seemed impossible and the nearest I got as a 9 year old was an old matchbox and a wealth of imagination.
Yet within 7 or 8 years of the start of my career at NATS it was a reality and I remember my excitement at buying the Motorola StarTac flip phone, even though analogue connections were not great at the time!
We at NATS have our feet firmly planted in the reality of today’s business world, but we also have an eye on the medium term future in delivering SESAR and making the best use of scarce Air Traffic Management resources through initiatives such as Time Based Separation – a world first to be delivered at Heathrow next year.
But, sometimes we are privileged enough to be able to think a bit more long term and work out what the future aerospace world might mean for NATS and ATM in general.
What if the economics and technical challenges of hypersonic flight were conquered and the once exclusive world of Concorde-style travel was replaced with hypersonic possibilities? How could it work and what would an Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP) want to contribute to it?
Imagine the possibilities of an aircraft capable of sustained flight at Mach 5.5 and beyond at altitudes above 60,000 feet on the very edge of space. The speed of hypersonic flight would mean that I could have breakfast in London, fly to Singapore in time for a dinner meeting in Dempsey Road and then fly back to London in time to read a bedtime story to my over-imaginative 9 year old boy at home.
But what would be the challenges for ATM? Assuming that such aircraft would depart and land conventionally the ATM task would be very similar to the operations we became expert in for Concorde. The departure would be conventional, with a controlled acceleration up into the upper atmosphere. The landing too would be conventional with a managed integration from very high levels into the normal inbound traffic flows. The interesting ATM issue is the management of the flight in the cruise.
Global conventional ATM stops at approximately 45,000 feet. The airspace above this level is the preserve of military operations and above 60,000 feet it is effectively empty. But hypersonic flights would still need a service, but perhaps one less about providing safe separation and more about giving flight information and alerting. At the speed it would fly in this upper airspace, it would be crazy for the service to be provided by each state the flight overflew, we therefore believe that ICAO would need to specify global ATM service providers to manage the cruise phase of such flights.
What services could this include?
- Novel surveillance and flight tracking
- Integration tools to manage the arrival and integration of the hypersonic flight into conventional airspace
- Communication capability including intention information and data communications
- Planning capability to manage different scenarios
- Conflict detection systems to track and separate flights from known debris that is in orbital conflict.
- Space weather warning systems – such a flight would be more susceptible to solar activity at such high altitudes
- Contingency tools to manage hypersonic flights in an emergency. For instance, a tool to suggest scenario solutions in the event of a loss of propulsion requiring a glide landing.
This might seem a long way off, but then so did Captain Kirk’s communicator to this 9 year old boy and look how far we have come since then. Is it beyond imagination to believe that there could be a profitable hypersonic service and that NATS could play its part? I hope not.
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