If you’re looking to test the potential of a surveillance technology such as ADS-B in a live operation, the North Sea is the perfect place to do it.
Helicopter operations to and from oil rigs make up the majority of traffic handled over the North Sea lower airspace. It’s a busy operation, run out of Aberdeen Airport.
Back in 2010, we commissioned a WAM/ADS-B system, where surveillance sensors were deployed on oil rigs to provide cooperative surveillance in this busy part of the North Sea airspace.
With the recent increase in the number of helicopters equipped with ADS-B transponders (up to 90%), we decided to see how introducing ground-based ADS-B surveillance, as an addition to the WAM surveillance, could benefit our operations, safety, resilience and our customers.
Following a successful trial from August 2017, we got CAA approval in March 2019 to use ADS-B to provide a full radar service for helicopter operations in the North Sea. This is the first approval of its kind allowing the use of ADS-B to this level in the UK.
Transitioning from Operational Trial to full operational service was successful and since then we’ve extended our ADS-B coverage to the East Shetland Basin area – Brent sector, thus covering a bigger part of North Sea lower airspace.
Our customers and controllers continue to praise the benefits of ADS-B, which include increased coverage, accuracy and an improved update rate.
These benefits are very valuable in an area as remote as the North Sea, particularly in an emergency situation.
The ATC service provided is also more resilient, as ADS-B surveillance requires minimal sensors to maintain a surveillance service. This is a major benefit in remote areas, where access to the system sensors requires going to the oil rigs
Looking forward, the success of this application of ADS-B in the North Sea is an important milestone demonstrating the successful integration of ADS-B technology in our airspace. It gives us valuable evidence, experience and assurance that could help us as we implement more ADS-B services.
For instance, as well as the ongoing work towards introducing satellite-based ADS-B surveillance into Oceanic airspace, we are also assessing the benefits of the technology in controlled airspace and on airport surface surveillance applications.
For surface surveillance applications, ADS-B has the potential to enable us to track aircraft on the ground all the way to and from the stand/gate, beyond the range of conventional surface surveillance. This leads to improved situational awareness for the ATC tower operations, and also for users of A-CDM applications such as airport operators and airlines.
The potential future uses where we believe ADS-B could have a benefit or role to play are plenty, such as in the safe integration of commercial drones, Digital Tower applications and in lowering airspace infringement events. With ADS-B transponders recently becoming more widespread amongst the GA community, the potential to reduce infringements is substantial.
Our proactive approach to ADS-B is important, especially with the European mandate that comes into force in 2020 for airlines to equip their fleets (in certain classes) with ADS-B avionics.
By integrating ADS-B and getting approval to use it for an ATC service we are being a proactive service provider, realising benefits of new avionics by our airspace users.
Overall, the introduction of ADS-B into full operational service has been a great team effort including the ATC and Engineering teams at Aberdeen Airport, with support from the CAA regulator.
2016 – The team notices a significant increase in the volume of helicopters equipped with ADS-B transponders and runs engineering assessments and validation with good results.
2017 – The team recommends using ADS-B operationally, beginning a trial in August 2017 where ADS-B is used as the sole means of surveillance for the majority of helicopter operations in a large part of our lower North Sea airspace.
2019 – The operational trial is declared successful in March and we win CAA approval to use ADS-B to provide a radar service across our North Sea airspace.
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